بررسی رابطة عاطفة مثبت، عاطفة منفی و انگیزش درونی با خلاقیت

نوع مقاله: علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد روان شناسی بالینی، دانشگاه خوارزمی (نویسنده مسئول)kazemi5552@yahoo.com

2 استاد دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران rynoury@yahoo.com

چکیده

هدف: این پژوهش با هدف بررسی رابطة عاطفة مثبت، عاطفة منفی و انگیزش درونی با خلاقیت اجرا شد.
روش: از میان دانشجویان دانشگاه تهران 100 نفر به طور طبقه‌ای تصادفی برای شرکت در پژوهش انتخاب شدند. از پرسشنامه‌ 20 سؤالی واتسون برای سنجش عاطفة مثبت و منفی، پرسشنامه 5 سؤالی آمابیل و تایرنی برای سنجش انگیزش درونی و پرسشنامه 11 سؤالی پالمون و همکاران  برای سنجش خلاقیت استفاده شد. داده‌ها با استفاده از ضریب همبستگی پیرسون، رگرسیون چندگانة گام به گام  و آزمون تی تحلیل شد.
یافته‌ها: نتایج نشان داد که خلاقیت با عاطفة مثبت و انگیزش درونی همبستگی مثبت معناداری دارد و با عاطفة منفی همبستگی منفی دارد که این همبستگی از نظر آماری معنادار نیست. همچنین بر اساس یافته‌های پژوهش، عاطفة مثبت و انگیزش درونی به ترتیب می‌توانند 46% و 4% از واریانس خلاقیت را پیش بینی کنند.
 نتیجه‌گیری: عاطفة مثبت و انگیزش درونی می‌توانند میزان خلاقیت را پیش بینی کنند؛ ولی عاطفة منفی پیش بینی‌کنندة مناسبی برای خلاقیت نیست.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Relationship between Positive Affection, Negative Affection and Intrinsic Motivation with Creativity

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hajar Kazemi Zadeh 1
  • Robabeh Nouri Ghasemabadi 2
چکیده [English]

Background: Creativity as the ability to generate novel ideas and think creatively about problems, has long been considered an important skill for individuals, as well as for societies.
Objective: Therefore, this research was carried out to study the relationship between positive affection, negative affection and intrinsic motivation with creativity.
Method: Among students of Tehran University 100 were selected using stratified random sampling to participate in the research. Research questionnaires included: Watson   et al (1988), 20 item questionnaire for Assessment of Positive and Negative Affection, Amabile and Tierney’s (1999), 5 item intrinsic motivation questionnaire, and Palmon et al (2004), 11 item creativity questionnaire. Data were analyzed using Pearson’s correlation coefficient, step by step multiple regression analysis, and t- test.
Findings: The results showed there is positive significant relation between creativity with positive affection and intrinsic motivation. There was also a negative - but not significant- correlation between negative affection and creativity. Based on these results, positive affection and intrinsic motivation could determine
respectively 46% and 4% of creativity’s variance.
Conclusion: So, positive affection and intrinsic motivation can predict creativity scores, but negative affection is not a suitable predictor for creativity.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Positive affect
  • negative affect
  • intrinsic motivation
  • Creativity
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