مقایسه اثربخشی آموزش به روش های ایده جویی(اسکمپر)، بارش ‏مغزی و سنتی در تغییر سطح خودپنداره خلاق و باز بودن نسبت به ‏تجربه

نوع مقاله: علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار روانشناسی عمومی، گروه روانشناسی دانشگاه لرستان، لرستان، ایران‏

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد روان‌شناسی تربیتی دانشگاه لرستان، لرستان، ایران

3 ‏دانشجوی دکتری روانشناسی تربیتی، گروه روانشناسی دانشگاه لرستان، لرستان، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه و هدف: هدف این پژوهش مقایسه اثربخشی آموزش به روش ایده‌جویی، بارش مغزی و سنتی در تغییر سطح خودپنداره خلاق و باز بودن نسبت تجربه‌ها در دانش‌آموزان دختر سال دوم متوسطه شهر خرم‌آباد بود. روش: در یک طرح نیمه‌آزمایشی 60 دانش‌آموز به روش نمونه‌گیری خوشه‌ای چند مرحله‌ای انتخاب و به طور تصادفی در سه گروه جایگزین شدند. گروه‌های آزمایش به طور مجزا 15 جلسه با روش‌های ایده‌جویی و بارش مغزی و گروه کنترل با روش سنتی آموزش دیدند. همه گروه‌ها به پرسش‌نامه‌های خودپنداره خلاق کافمان و بائر(2004) و بازبودن نسبت به تجربه‌ها کوستا و مک کرا(1992) در مرحله پیش‌آزمون، پس‌آزمون و پیگیری 2 ماهه، پاسخ دادند. داده‌ها با روش تحلیل کوواریانس تحلیل شدند. نتایج: نتایج نشان داد در مرحله پس‌آزمون روش‌های ایده‌جویی و بارش مغزی باعث افزایش سطح خودپنداره خلاق و باز بودن نسبت تجربه‌ها شده است. در مرحله پیگیری اثر روش‌های ایده‌جویی و بارش مغزی در افزایش سطح خودپنداره خلاق و باز بودن نسبت تجربه‌ها تفاوت معنی‌داری نداشتند. نتیجه‌گیری: روش‌های ایده‌جویی و بارش مغزی در افزایش سطح خودپنداره خلاق و باز بودن نسبت تجربه‌ها مؤثر هستند و بهتر آن است که معلمان مقاطع متوسطه برای افزایش میزان خلاقیت و متغیرهای زیربنایی آن تا جایی که امکان دارد از روش‌هایی همانند ایده‌جویی و بارش مغزی استفاده کنند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparative Effectiveness of Teaching by the idea of saving (SCAMPER), brainstorming and traditional way to change level of creative self concept and openness to experience

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ezato Allah Ghadam Pour 1
  • Zeynab Beyranvand 2
  • Mehdi Yosef Vand 3
چکیده [English]

Abstract:
Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of the method saving ideas, brainstorming and traditional way on creative self concept and openness to change the of experience in secondary school students in the city of Khorramabad. Methods: A quasi-experimental design 60 students selected by multistage cluster sampling and randomly divided into three groups. All groups Kafman creative concept questionnaire and Bauer (2004) and openness to experience Costa and Mac Lycra (1992) in the pre-test, post-test and follow-up of 2 months, respectively. Data were analyzed by analysis of covariance. Results: The results showed that in the post-test and brainstorming ways to increase the level of self-seeking creative ideas and openness has been experienced. In the follow- up work and brainstorming ways to increase the level of self-seeking creative ideas and openness to experience were not significantly different. and Brainstorming use. Conclusion: saving ideas and brainstorming ways to increase the creative concept and openness are effective experience. So it is better that secondary school teachers to increase creativity and its underlying variables, methods like brainstorming ideas and energy use.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Key words: method saving ideas( SCAMPER)
  • brainstorming
  • creative self concept
  • openness to change the of experience
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