عنوان مقاله [English]
Background: The effect of creativity and innovation on crime prevention and detection causes police to play a very important role and helps police to implement their objectives using creative and innovative methods in confronting criminals. In fact, creativity is the basis and pillar of police updated status and only by applying creativity can police identify their various issues.
Aim: This article is intended to determine what effects the creative and innovative knowledge has on police missions in preventing and detecting crimes and it seeks to ascertain whether the police can directly benefit from innovative knowledge or utilize the present technology.
Research Method: The method used in this article is of applied type from quality or nature point of view and it is of descriptive – analytical type.
Findings: The police have spent four periods which is the first new police approach to enter the innovative domain of community policing whose methods are different and often face changes in the course of time. But the more innovative changes happen more often in police, the more positive and benefits it will offer for the society. Police innovations can be divided into four categories such as planning, executive, technical and strategic.
Conclusion: Since 1980s police have been able to apply more innovative knowledge in their missions which not only it has saved time but it has also reduced the process of crime prevention and detection and in addition, by using computers, police have been also able to predict the occurrence of crimes in the future through various computerized crime analysis models in regard to crime hot spots in order to counter them and to take necessary measures to fight against them. Therefore; innovation and creativity contribute to normally saving 130 million Euros worth of police time.
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