عنوان مقاله [English]
Objective: The main purpose of this study is to identify the components affecting the creativity and innovation system in Hormozgan Gas Company and present a model of factors affecting it.
Method: In this mix method study, in the first stage, 13 heads of Hormozgan Gas Company were interviewed (to the extent of theoretical saturation). The interviews were analyzed by using MAXQDA software based on six stages of Clark & Brown (2006). In the second stage, by using Smart PLS software and structural equation modeling approach, the effect of variables were evaluated.
Results: The results of content analysis indicated that "extra-organizational strategic variables", "creativity and innovation system", "employees" and "organizational variables" are 4 effective factors in creativity and innovation system in Hormozgan Gas Company. Quantitative stage also showed that the strategic extra-organizational variable with three components, has a significant direct effect on the organizational variables and creativity and innovation system. Organizational variables with five components, has a significant effect on creativity and innovation system and finally the effect of individual and group characteristics of employees on the creativity system as well as its mediating role in the relationship between organizational variables and the system of creativity and innovation, were not confirmed.
Conclusion: Improvement programs to increase creativity are effective only if a proper understanding of the factors affecting this phenomenon is formed at different levels: individual, group, organizational and extra-organizational. By providing a conceptual model at different levels and evaluating it, this research can be useful for decision makers including the research and technology unit of Hormozgan Gas Company.